First Inaugural Address of George W. Bush; January
President Clinton, distinguished guests and my fellow citizens:
The peaceful transfer of authority is rare in history, yet common in
our country. With a simple oath, we affirm old traditions and make new
As I begin, I thank President Clinton for his service to our nation;
and I thank Vice President Gore for a contest conducted with spirit and
ended with grace.
I am honored and humbled to stand here, where so many of America's leaders
have come before me, and so many will follow.
We have a place, all of us, in a long story. A story we continue, but
whose end we will not see. It is the story of a new world that became a
friend and liberator of the old, a story of a slave-holding society that
became a servant of freedom, the story of a power that went into the world
to protect but not possess, to defend but not to conquer. It is the American
story. A story of flawed and fallible people, united across the generations
by grand and enduring ideals. The grandest of these ideals is an unfolding
American promise that everyone belongs, that everyone deserves a chance,
that no insignificant person was ever born. Americans are called upon to
enact this promise in our lives and in our laws; and though our nation
has sometimes halted, and sometimes delayed, we must follow no other course.
Through much of the last century, America's faith in freedom and democracy
was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root
in many nations. Our democratic faith is more than the creed of our country,
it is the inborn hope of our humanity, an ideal we carry but do not own,
a trust we bear and pass along; and even after nearly 225 years, we have
a long way yet to travel.
While many of our citizens prosper, others doubt the promise, even the
justice, of our own country. The ambitions of some Americans are limited
by failing schools and hidden prejudice and the circumstances of their
birth; and sometimes our differences run so deep, it seems we share a continent,
but not a country. We do not accept this, and we will not allow it. Our
unity, our union, is the serious work of leaders and citizens in every
generation; and this is my solemn pledge, "I will work to build a single
nation of justice and opportunity." I know this is in our reach because
we are guided by a power larger than ourselves who creates us equal in
His image and we are confident in principles that unite and lead us onward.
America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound
by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests
and teach us what it means to be citizens. Every child must be taught these
principles. Every citizen must uphold them; and every immigrant, by embracing
these ideals, makes our country more, not less, American.
Today, we affirm a new commitment to live out our nation's promise through
civility, courage, compassion and character. America, at its best, matches
a commitment to principle with a concern for civility. A civil society
demands from each of us good will and respect, fair dealing and forgiveness.
Some seem to believe that our politics can afford to be petty because,
in a time of peace, the stakes of our debates appear small. But the stakes
for America are never small. If our country does not lead the cause of
freedom, it will not be led. If we do not turn the hearts of children toward
knowledge and character, we will lose their gifts and undermine their idealism.
If we permit our economy to drift and decline, the vulnerable will suffer
most. We must live up to the calling we share. Civility is not a tactic
or a sentiment. It is the determined choice of trust over cynicism, of
community over chaos. This commitment, if we keep it, is a way to shared
America, at its best, is also courageous. Our national courage has been
clear in times of depression and war, when defending common dangers defined
our common good. Now we must choose if the example of our fathers and mothers
will inspire us or condemn us. We must show courage in a time of blessing
by confronting problems instead of passing them on to future generations.
Together, we will reclaim America's schools, before ignorance and apathy
claim more young lives; we will reform Social Security and Medicare, sparing
our children from struggles we have the power to prevent; we will reduce
taxes, to recover the momentum of our economy and reward the effort and
enterprise of working Americans; we will build our defenses beyond challenge,
lest weakness invite challenge; and we will confront weapons of mass destruction,
so that a new century is spared new horrors.
The enemies of liberty and our country should make no mistake, America
remains engaged in the world by history and by choice, shaping a balance
of power that favors freedom. We will defend our allies and our interests;
we will show purpose without arrogance; we will meet aggression and bad
faith with resolve and strength; and to all nations, we will speak for
the values that gave our nation birth.
America, at its best, is compassionate. In the quiet of American conscience,
we know that deep, persistent poverty is unworthy of our nation's promise.
Whatever our views of its cause, we can agree that children at risk are
not at fault. Abandonment and abuse are not acts of God, they are failures
of love. The proliferation of prisons, however necessary, is no substitute
for hope and order in our souls. Where there is suffering, there is duty.
Americans in need are not strangers, they are citizens, not problems, but
priorities, and all of us are diminished when any are hopeless. Government
has great responsibilities for public safety and public health, for civil
rights and common schools. Yet compassion is the work of a nation, not
just a government. Some needs and hurts are so deep they will only respond
to a mentor's touch or a pastor's prayer. Church and charity, synagogue
and mosque lend our communities their humanity, and they will have an honored
place in our plans and in our laws. Many in our country do not know the
pain of poverty, but we can listen to those who do. I can pledge our nation
to a goal, "When we see that wounded traveler on the road to Jericho, we
will not pass to the other side."
America, at its best, is a place where personal responsibility is valued
and expected. Encouraging responsibility is not a search for scapegoats,
it is a call to conscience. Though it requires sacrifice, it brings a deeper
fulfillment. We find the fullness of life not only in options, but in commitments.
We find that children and community are the commitments that set us free.
Our public interest depends on private character, on civic duty and family
bonds and basic fairness, on uncounted, unhonored acts of decency which
give direction to our freedom. Sometimes in life we are called to do great
things. But as a saint of our times has said, every day we are called to
do small things with great love. The most important tasks of a democracy
are done by everyone. I will live and lead by these principles, "to advance
my convictions with civility, to pursue the public interest with courage,
to speak for greater justice and compassion, to call for responsibility
and try to live it as well." In all of these ways, I will bring the values
of our history to the care of our times.
What you do is as important as anything government does. I ask you to
seek a common good beyond your comfort; to defend needed reforms against
easy attacks; to serve your nation, beginning with your neighbor. I ask
you to be citizens. Citizens, not spectators; citizens, not subjects; responsible
citizens, building communities of service and a nation of character.
Americans are generous and strong and decent, not because we believe
in ourselves, but because we hold beliefs beyond ourselves. When this spirit
of citizenship is missing, no government program can replace it. When this
spirit is present, no wrong can stand against it.
After the Declaration of Independence was signed, Virginia statesman
John Page wrote to Thomas Jefferson, "We know the race is not to the swift
nor the battle to the strong. Do you not think an angel rides in the whirlwind
and directs this storm?" Much time has passed since Jefferson arrived for
his inauguration. The years and changes accumulate, but the themes of this
day he would know, "our nation's grand story of courage and its simple
dream of dignity."
We are not this story's author, who fills time and eternity with His
purpose. Yet His purpose is achieved in our duty, and our duty is fulfilled
in service to one another. Never tiring, never yielding, never finishing,
we renew that purpose today; to make our country more just and generous;
to affirm the dignity of our lives and every life.
This work continues. This story goes on. And an angel still rides in
the whirlwind and directs this storm.