Read biographies of all the American Presidents. This site also includes the text of Inaugural Addresses and State of the Union Addresses.

List of Presidents of the United States

1 George Washington 1789 1797 no party
2 John Adams 1797 1801 Federalist
3 Thomas Jefferson 1801 1809 Democratic-Republican
4 James Madison 1809 1817 Democratic-Republican
5 James Monroe 1817 1825 Democratic-Republican
6 John Quincy Adams 1825 1829 Democratic-Republican
7 Andrew Jackson 1829 1837 Democrat
8 Martin Van Buren 1837 1841 Democrat
9 William Henry Harrison 1841 1841 Whig
10 John Tyler 1841 1845 Whig *
11 James Knox Polk 1845 1849 Democrat
12 Zachary Taylor 1849 1850 Whig
13 Millard Fillmore 1850 1853 Whig
14 Franklin Pierce 1853 1857 Democrat
15 James Buchanan 1857 1861 Democrat
16 Abraham Lincoln 1861 1865 Republican
17 Andrew Johnson 1865 1869 Republican **
18 Ulysses Simpson Grant 1869 1877 Republican
19 Rutherford Birchard Hayes 1877 1881 Republican
20 James Abram Garfield 1881 1881 Republican
21 Chester Alan Arthur 1881 1885 Republican
22 Stephen Grover Cleveland 1885 1889 Democrat
23 Benjamin Harrison 1889 1893 Republican
24 Stephen Grover Cleveland 1893 1897 Democrat
25 William McKinley 1897 1901 Republican
26 Theodore Roosevelt 1901 1909 Republican
27 William Howard Taft 1909 1913 Republican
28 Thomas Woodrow Wilson 1913 1921 Democrat
29 Warren Gamaliel Harding 1921 1923 Republican
30 John Calvin Coolidge, Jr . 1923 1929 Republican
31 Herbert Clark Hoover 1929 1933 Republican
32 Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933 1945 Democrat
33 Harry S. Truman 1945 1953 Democrat
34 Dwight David Eisenhower 1953 1961 Republican
35 John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1961 1963 Democrat
36 Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963 1969 Democrat
37 Richard Milhous Nixon 1969 1974 Republican
38 Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr . 1974 1977 Republican
39 James Earl ‘Jimmy’ Carter, Jr. 1977 1981 Democrat
40 Ronald Wilson Reagan 1981 1989 Republican
41 George Herbert Walker Bush 1989 1993 Republican
42 William Jefferson Clinton 1993 2001 Democrat
43 George Walker Bush 2001 2009 Republican
44 Barack Hussein Obama 2009 Democrat

* Democrat on a Whig ticket

** Democrat on Republican ticket

About the Presidency

From the Constitution of the USA:

Article. II.

Section. 1.

Clause 1: The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows

Clause 2: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

Clause 3: The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. (See Note 8)

Clause 4: The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

Clause 5: No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

Clause 6: In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, (See Note 9) the Same shall devolve on the VicePresident, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

Clause 7: The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Clause 8: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:–“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

Section. 2.

Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section. 3.

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section. 4.

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.