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Read biographies of all the American Presidents.   This site also includes the text of Inaugural Addresses and State of the Union Addresses.

List of Presidents of the United States 

 
George Washington 1789 1797 no party 
John Adams 1797 1801 Federalist 
Thomas Jefferson 1801 1809 Democratic-Republican 
James Madison 1809 1817 Democratic-Republican 
James Monroe 1817 1825 Democratic-Republican 
John Quincy Adams  1825 1829 Democratic-Republican 
Andrew Jackson 1829 1837 Democrat 
Martin Van Buren  1837 1841 Democrat 
William Henry Harrison 1841 1841 Whig 
10  John Tyler  1841 1845 Whig * 
11  James Knox Polk  1845 1849 Democrat 
12  Zachary Taylor  1849 1850 Whig 
13  Millard Fillmore  1850 1853 Whig 
14  Franklin Pierce  1853 1857 Democrat 
15  James Buchanan 1857 1861 Democrat 
16  Abraham Lincoln 1861 1865 Republican 
17  Andrew Johnson 1865 1869 Republican ** 
18  Ulysses Simpson Grant  1869 1877 Republican 
19  Rutherford Birchard Hayes  1877 1881 Republican 
20  James Abram Garfield  1881 1881 Republican 
21  Chester Alan Arthur  1881 1885 Republican 
22  Stephen Grover Cleveland 1885 1889 Democrat 
23  Benjamin Harrison 1889 1893 Republican 
24  Stephen Grover Cleveland 1893 1897 Democrat 
25  William McKinley 1897 1901 Republican 
26  Theodore Roosevelt 1901 1909 Republican 
27  William Howard Taft  1909 1913 Republican 
28  Thomas Woodrow Wilson  1913 1921 Democrat 
29  Warren Gamaliel Harding  1921 1923 Republican 
30  John Calvin Coolidge, Jr 1923 1929 Republican
31  Herbert Clark Hoover  1929 1933 Republican 
32  Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933 1945 Democrat 
33  Harry S. Truman 1945 1953 Democrat 
34  Dwight David Eisenhower 1953 1961 Republican 
35  John Fitzgerald Kennedy  1961 1963 Democrat 
36  Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963 1969 Democrat 
37  Richard Milhous Nixon  1969 1974 Republican 
38  Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr 1974 1977 Republican 
39  James Earl 'Jimmy' Carter, Jr.  1977 1981 Democrat 
40  Ronald Wilson Reagan 1981 1989 Republican 
41  George Herbert Walker Bush  1989 1993 Republican 
42  William Jefferson Clinton  1993 2001 Democrat 
43  George Walker Bush  2001 2009 Republican 
44  Barack Hussein Obama  2009 Democrat 

* Democrat on a Whig ticket 

** Democrat on Republican ticket

About the Presidency

From the Constitution of the USA:

Article. II. 

Section. 1. 

Clause 1: The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows

Clause 2: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

Clause 3: The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President. (See Note 8) 

Clause 4: The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

Clause 5: No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

Clause 6: In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, (See Note 9) the Same shall devolve on the VicePresident, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

Clause 7: The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Clause 8: Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

Section. 2. 

Clause 1: The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

Clause 2: He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

Clause 3: The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section. 3. 

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section. 4. 

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
 

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